A total of 19.4% of Indian households – both urban and rural – do not use any toilet, according to a National Family Health Survey (NFHS) report released on Tuesday. “Nineteen percent of households have no facilities, meaning their members practice open defecation,” the report said, noting that in urban areas, open defecation is practiced in 6.1% of all households, while this number rises to 25.9% for households. in rural areas.
Among the states and union territories, access to a toilet is lowest in Bihar (available only in 61.2% of households). Bihar is followed by Jharkhand (69.6%) and Odisha (71.3%).
Only Lakshadweep reports 100% household access to toilets, closely followed by Mizoram at 99.9% and Kerala at less than 99.8%.
The report, however, notes that the percentage of households practicing open defecation fell from 39% in 2015-2016 to 19.4% in 2019-2021.
According to the NFHS, 69.3% of households have access to improved toilets – or ones that are not shared. 8.4% of households have access to shared toilets and 2.9% have access to unimproved facilities.
The report showed that 80.7% of urban households have access to improved toilets, while the percentage is 63.6% for rural households. With regard to shared facilities, 10.5% of urban households have access to them, while in rural areas, the percentage is 7.4%.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared rural India Open Defecation Free (ODF) on the 150th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi’s birth in 2019, meeting the deadline he set for the flagship program Swachh Bharat when he came to power in 2014.
Here are five states and UTs with the lowest access to restrooms:
1. Bihar (61.7%)
2. Jharkhand (69.6%)
3. Odisha (71.3%)
4. Madhya Pradesh (76.2%)
5. Uttar Pradesh (78.4%)
Here are five states and UTs with the highest bathroom access:
1. Lakshadweep (100%)
2. Mizoram (99.9%)
3. Kerala (99.8%)
4. Nagaland and Sikkim (99.7%)
5. Ladakh and Delhi (99.4%)